The most important causes of osteoporosis, the number of people affected by osteoporosis has increased in recent times, due to their incorrect lifestyle and wrong eating habits, as the interest increased after realizing its danger and serious effects on the individual’s health and the consequent changes in his lifestyle and relationships The social, in addition to the material burdens that the individual and society bear as a result of the outbreak of this disease, and a misconception spread recently stating that osteoporosis affects women more than men, and this belief is incorrect, so we will through this article learn about osteoporosis and what are its most important causes and methods Cure it, so follow us.
What causes early osteoporosis?
Because osteoporosis is closely related to bone mass and density, when searching for the causes of this disease, it is necessary to consider the causes of low bone mass and its weakness, which include low levels of calcium, phosphorus and other beneficial minerals in the bones, endocrine disorders, and gastrointestinal diseases such as syndrome Inflammatory bowel, joint disease, and prolonged excessive use of some medications such as corticosteroids.
- Bone fractures are twice more common in women than in men, and this is due to the fact that women’s bone mass is less, and therefore their bones are weaker as they get older, as the likelihood of osteoporosis increases with age, and the bones weaken. As for the genetic factor, it has been proven that A family’s health history and one of its members having osteoporosis affects the exposure of other individuals to the disease, and that menopause at an early age, or the characteristic of poor build, weight less than usual, smoking, and consumption of large quantities of coffee, caffeine, and soft drinks, all may increase the chances of infection.
- As there are diseases that a person had, there is a chance of a risk of osteoporosis, and these diseases include chronic kidney failure, thyroid disease, spinal injury, diabetes, chronic diarrhea or malabsorption syndrome, tissue sclerosis, cerebral palsy, and psychiatric diseases.
Symptoms of osteoporosis
Most people with osteoporosis do not have any symptoms, but among the symptoms that can appear in patients with osteoporosis:
- Chronic back pain.
A gradual decrease in height.
A fracture of the spine, wrist, thigh, or radius bones.
Methods for diagnosing osteoporosis
Doctors can detect osteoporosis using various bone mass measurement devices, so it is very necessary to conduct periodic examinations after the age of forty to check the position of the bones, and there are several tests that can diagnose the injury; Examples include:
Radiography, which is one of the easiest and fastest diagnostic methods, as it is painless, safe, and gives accurate results, as it allows the ability to examine bone density in the wrist, thigh and spine.
What is the best way to prevent osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis can be prevented and avoided by following a healthy lifestyle that protects against this disease, and this pattern or lifestyle includes several important aspects that must be taken into account and adhered to to achieve the desired goal, by:
- Eat a balanced and complete diet rich in calcium sources such as dairy products, red meat and grains, and rich in Vitamin D, which helps absorb calcium.
- Reduce your coffee and tea drinking as much as possible.
- Avoid smoking.
- Maintaining a normal and adequate weight; As the bone mass depends on the pressure or weight placed on it.
- Exercising regularly and maintaining a high level of fitness.
How does physical activity help prevent osteoporosis?
Many studies have proven the role of exercise in preventing osteoporosis, as there are special types of exercises that help strengthen the bones of the body and maintain their density, through the following:
- Exercising regularly has a great role in preserving and enhancing the health of the various organs of the body, as it has an internal effect that exceeds its external effect in stages, as it promotes the health of the heart and arteries, and helps the lungs to perform their functions to the fullest.
- Osteoporosis weakens the bones to the point of their brittleness, and making very simple movements that require the least amount of pressure, such as bending forward, lifting a vacuum cleaner, or even coughing, may lead to bone fractures, and the reason for weak bones in most cases is due to a deficiency in The level of calcium and phosphorous, or a lack of other nutrients in the bones such as vitamin D.
- Bones are the mainstay of the body in the face of gravity and help it to stand and move, and the younger the person and the more active he is, the greater the activity of cell regeneration and the increase in the production of bone tissue than the body might do, which increases bone density, and the bone mass of a person reaches its peak at the age of Approximately thirty, after which the body begins to lose bone density gradually with age due to the lack of movement and associated activity.
- Women over the age of 40 are more likely to develop osteoporosis, as a result of the hormonal changes that occur at menopause and affect bone metabolism.
By the end, we have come to the end of our article for today, as eating a healthy diet rich in calcium and other important minerals, along with regular exercise throughout a person’s life, starting from childhood, reduces the risk of osteoporosis in the future.